Subject: United States Patent Application: 0110127277
Date: Sun, 19 Aug 2012 09:16:24 0400
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United States Patent Application: 0110127277
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=20
=20
=20
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United States Patent =
Application 
20110127277 =

Kind Code 
A1 
Nikitine; Boris ; et =
al. 
June 2, 2011 =

Container
Abstract
According to the invention (FIG. 1), the container is made in a way =
that it=20
has, at cross section (FIG. 1A), the internal limit 1 of cross section =
and the=20
external limit 2 of cross section, and has, at longsection, the =
internal part=20
of the limit 3 of long section and the external part of the limit 4 of =
long=20
section. Therewith, the external limit 2 of cross section takes on, in =
section=20
between points 5 and 6, form of an element of conical sectionan =
element of=20
ellipsis, and the external part of the limit 4 of long section takes on, =
in=20
section between points 7 and 8, form of an element of conical =
sectionan=20
element of ellipsis. The limit section between points 7 and 8 is longer =
in=20
length than the limit section between points 5 and 6.
Inventors: 
Nikitine; Boris; (Brooklyn, =
NY)=20
; Lobko; Vladimir; (City of Jubileiniy, RU) ;=20
Berezovskiy; Igor; (Stint Petersburg, RU) 
Serial No.: 
592475 
Series Code: 
12 
Filed: 
November 27, =
2009 
Current U.S. =
Class: 
220/669 =

Class at =
Publication: 
220/669 =

International Class: =

B65D 1/40 20060101=20
B65D001/40 
Claims
1. The container is realized in a way that it comprises an =
internal=20
crosssectional limit and external crosssectional limit at cross =
section, and=20
an internal part of a longsectional limit and external part of the=20
longsectional limit at long section; with the external crosssectional =
limit=20
taking on form of a conical element at least in one section, and the =
external=20
part of the longsectional limit taking on form of a conical element at =
least in=20
one section, and differs in a way that the abovementioned section of the =
external crosssectional limit and the abovementioned section of the =
external=20
part of the longsectional limit of the container are selected from a =
group=20
comprising as follows: the abovementioned section of the external=20
crosssectional limit and the abovementioned section of the external =
part of the=20
longsectional limit of the container take on form of elements of =
various=20
ellipses, differing in length, with different values of eccentricities =
and focal=20
parameters; the abovementioned section of the external crosssectional =
limit and=20
the abovementioned section of the external part of the longsectional =
limit of=20
the container take on form of elements of various hyperbolae, differing =
in=20
length, with different values of eccentricities and focal parameters; =
the=20
abovementioned section of the external crosssectional limit takes on =
form of=20
elements of various ellipses, differing in length, with different values =
of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters, and the section of the external =
part of the=20
longsectional limit takes on form of elements of various ellipses, =
differing in=20
length, with different values of eccentricities and focal parameters; =
the=20
abovementioned section of the external crosssectional limit takes on =
form of=20
elements of various hyperbolae, differing in length, with different =
values of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters, and the abovementioned section of =
the=20
external part of the longsectional limit takes on form of elements of =
various=20
hyperbolae, differing in length, with different values of eccentricities =
and=20
focal parameters; the abovementioned section of the external =
crosssectional=20
limit takes on form of elements of hyperbola and ellipsis, differing in =
length,=20
and the abovementioned section of the external part of the =
longsectional limit=20
takes on form of elements of hyperbola and ellipsis, differing in =
length; the=20
abovementioned section of the external crosssectional limit and the=20
abovementioned section of the external part of the longsectional limit =
cut each=20
other.=20
Description
CROSSREFERENCES TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
[0001] Not =
Applicable=20
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT=20
[0002] Not Applicable
REFERENCE TO SEQUENCE LISTING, A =
TABLE, OR=20
A COMPUTER PROGRAM LISTING COMPACT DISC APPENDIX
[0003] Not =
Applicable=20
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
[0004] A container with a =
body, when=20
the body has an internal crosssectional and external crosssectional =
limit at=20
crosssection with the external crosssectional limit taking on form of =
a=20
conical element at least in one section/Abridgment (abstract) of Patent =
of the=20
Russian Federation No 2266851Container, published on Dec. 27, 2005, =
according=20
to IPC B65D1/00/, can be considered an analogue of the invention. =
[0005]=20
A number of features of the analogue similar to features of the =
invention is as=20
follows: . . . has an internal crosssectional limit and external=20
crosssectional limit at cross section, with the external =
crosssectional limit=20
taking on form of a conical element at least in one section. =
[0006]=20
Difficulty of identification of the analogue when in use and rather low=20
protection against counterfeit are its disadvantages.
[0007] A =
container=20
realized in a way that it has an internal crosssectional limit and =
external=20
crosssectional limit at cross section, and an internal part of a =
longsectional=20
limit and external part of the longsectional limit at long section with =
the=20
external crosssectional limit taking on form of a conical element at =
least in=20
one section, and the external part of the longsectional limit taking on =
form of=20
a conical element at least in one section is a prototype of the =
invention. The=20
said set of features is similar to features of the invention. The =
container is=20
additionally equipped with a stopper and a tube connecting the stopper =
with a=20
cavity in the container body/ U.S. Pat. No. 7,395,949/.
[0008]=20
Disadvantages of the Prototype:
[0009] The prototype is rather =
hard to=20
be identified when in use due to the fact that the crosssectional limit =
is=20
shaped into a circular curve, and the external part of the =
longsectional limit=20
is shaped into circular elements and straight lines, commonly used in =
production=20
of containers by a great number of manufacturers.
[0010] The =
prototype=20
has rather low protection against counterfeit when it is produced due to =
the=20
fact that sections of the external crosssectional limit are shaped into =
circular curves, and sections of the external part of the longsectional =
limit=20
are shaped into straight lines and circular elements, commonly used in=20
production of containers by a great number of manufacturers.
The =
prototype does not have any constructional directivity of strength =
properties at=20
long and crosssections that makes the process of disposal of the =
container=20
rather difficult.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
[0011] =
The=20
invention concerns production of containers, in particular of metal, =
plastic,=20
glass, polyethylene, cardboard, paper, wood, laminated material and =
composite=20
material, and may be applied to production of various types of =
containers:=20
vessels, packing cases, boxes, drums, tanks etc., when importing or =
exporting=20
containers, as well as at storage, sale of containers and goods in =
containers.=20
[0012] The problem of considerable increase in protection of the =
container against counterfeit was solved when making invention. =
[0013]=20
Solution of the said problem is attributable to the fact that the =
container is=20
realized in a way that it has an internal crosssectional limit and =
external=20
crosssectional limit at cross section, and an internal part of a =
longsectional=20
limit and external part of the longsectional limit at long section with =
the=20
external crosssectional limit taking on form of a conical element at =
least in=20
one section, and the external part of the longsectional limit taking on =
form of=20
a conical element at least in one section, and differs from the =
prototype in a=20
way that the abovementioned section of the external crosssectional =
limit and=20
the abovementioned section of the external part of the longsectional =
limit of=20
the container are selected from a group comprising as follows: =
[0014] a)=20
the abovementioned section of the external crosssectional limit and the =
abovementioned section of the external part of the longsectional limit =
of the=20
container take on form of elements of various ellipses, differing in =
length,=20
with different values of eccentricities and focal parameters; =
[0015] b)=20
the abovementioned section of the external crosssectional limit and the =
abovementioned section of the external part of the longsectional limit =
of the=20
container take on form of elements of various hyperbolae, differing in =
length,=20
with different values of eccentricities and focal parameters; =
[0016] c)=20
the abovementioned section of the external crosssectional limit takes =
on form=20
of elements of various ellipses, differing in length, with different =
values of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters, and the section of the external =
part of the=20
longsectional limit takes on form of elements of various ellipses, =
differing in=20
length, with different values of eccentricities and focal parameters;=20
[0017] d) the abovementioned section of the external =
crosssectional=20
limit takes on form of elements of various hyperbolae, differing in =
length, with=20
different values of eccentricities and focal parameters, and the =
abovementioned=20
section of the external part of the longsectional limit takes on form =
of=20
elements of various hyperbolae, differing in length, with different =
values of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters;
[0018] e) the =
abovementioned=20
section of the external crosssectional limit takes on form of elements =
of=20
hyperbola and ellipsis, differing in length, and the abovementioned =
section of=20
the external part of the longsectional limit takes on form of elements =
of=20
hyperbola and ellipsis, differing in length.
[0019] Therewith, =
the=20
container is made in way that the abovementioned section of the external =
crosssectional limit and the abovementioned section of the external =
part of the=20
longsectional limit cut each other.
[0020] Please, find below =
other=20
versions developing the invention.
[0021] The container may be =
realized=20
in a way that it has, at another crosssection, an additional section of =
the=20
external sectional limit, and a section of the external part of the=20
longsectional limit at another long section; and the abovementioned =
section of=20
the external crosssectional limit and the abovementioned section of the =
external part of the longsectional limit take on form of elements of =
various=20
ellipses, differing in length, with different values of eccentricities =
and focal=20
parameters.
[0022] The container may be realized in a way that =
it has,=20
at another crosssection, an additional section of the external =
sectional limit,=20
and a section of the external part of the longsectional limit at =
another long=20
section; and the sections take on form of elements of various =
hyperbolae,=20
differing in length, with different values of eccentricities and focal=20
parameters. These sections may be adjacent to the above described cross =
and=20
longsectional sections or may be located at a certain distance from =
them.=20
[0023] The container may be realized in a way that it has an =
additional=20
section of the external sectional limit of another cross section taking =
on form=20
of elements of various ellipses, differing in length, with different =
values of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters, and an additional section of the =
external=20
part of another longsectional limit taking on form of elements of =
various=20
ellipses, differing in length, with different values of eccentricities =
and focal=20
parameters.
[0024] The container may be realized in a way that =
it has an=20
additional section of the external sectional limit of another cross =
section=20
taking on form of elements of various hyperbolae, differing in length, =
with=20
different values of eccentricities and focal parameters, and an =
additional=20
section of the external part of another longsectional limit taking on =
form of=20
elements of various hyperbolae, differing in length, with different =
values of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters.
[0025] The container may be =
realized in a way that it has an additional section of the external =
sectional=20
limit of another cross section taking on form of elements of ellipsis =
and=20
hyperbola, differing in length; and an additional section of the =
external part=20
of another longsectional limit taking on form of elements of ellipsis =
and=20
hyperbola, differing in length.
[0026] The container may be =
realized in=20
a way that it has an additional section of the external sectional limit =
of=20
another cross section taking on form of an element of hyperbola; and an=20
additional section of the external part of another longsectional limit =
taking=20
on form of an element of ellipsis; and the said elements of ellipsis and =
hyperbola differ in length.
[0027] The container may be realized =
in a=20
way that it has an additional section of the external sectional limit of =
another=20
cross section taking on form of an element of ellipsis; and an =
additional=20
section of the external part of another longsectional limit taking on =
form of=20
an element of hyperbola; and the said elements of hyperbola and ellipsis =
differ=20
in length.
[0028] The container may be realized in way that it =
has an=20
additional section of the external sectional limit of another cross =
section=20
taking on form of elements of various hyperbolae, differing in length, =
with=20
different values of eccentricities and focal parameters, and an =
additional=20
section of the external part of another longsectional limit taking on =
form of=20
elements of various ellipses, differing in length, with different values =
of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters.
[0029] The container may be =
realized in way that it has an additional section of the external =
sectional=20
limit of another cross section taking on form of elements of various =
ellipses,=20
differing in length, with different values of eccentricities and focal=20
parameters, and an additional section of the external part of another=20
longsectional limit taking on form of elements of various hyperbolae, =
differing=20
in length, with different values of eccentricities and focal parameters; =
Technical results of the invention are as follows: [0030] considerable=20
improvement (increase in convenience and accuracy) of identification of =
the=20
container when in use due to the section of the crosssectional limit =
and the=20
section of the longsectional limit taking on form of conical elements =
and=20
exclusion of circular elements, as commonly used in production of =
containers,=20
when forming the said sections of sectional limits; [0031] considerable =
increase=20
in protection against counterfeit when it is produced due to the section =
of the=20
external crosssectional limit and the section of the external part of =
the=20
longsectional limit taking on form of various conical elements that are =
identifiers of container manufacturer and exclusion of circular =
elements, as=20
commonly used in production of containers, when forming the said =
sections of=20
sectional limits; [0032] provision for constructional directivity of =
strength=20
properties of the container at long and crosssections easing and =
cutting time=20
for container disposal (in particular, the container is oriented, when =
disposed=20
of in a press, in a way that compressive effect of the press takes part =
in plane=20
with the lowest compressive load resistance of the container). =
[0033]=20
Eccentricity and focal parameter completely define a conic section =
(hyperbola,=20
parabola, and ellipsis).
[0034] The following additional results =
may be=20
achieved when using the invention: extension of the area of heat =
exchange of the=20
container with the environment; increase in heat conductivity in a =
certain point=20
or points of the container surface (e.g., in places of thinning of the =
body,=20
bottom or neck); use of the container to obtain constructive elements =
after its=20
destruction in a press; concentration of solar energy falling onto the =
container=20
in certain places near or on the surface of the container. =
[0035] A=20
`section of an external crosssectional limit` shall mean a section of a =
crosssectional limit limiting the cross section on the outside or =
turned to the=20
outside of the container.
[0036] A `section of an external part =
of a=20
longsectional limit` shall mean a section of a longsectional limit =
limiting=20
the long section on the outside or turned to the outside of the =
container. The=20
section of the external part of the longsectional limit is located on =
FIG. 9=20
between points on the sectional limit 51 and 57 and passes through =
points 51,=20
52, 45, 46, 47, 53, 54, 55, 56, and 57.
[0037] The section of =
the=20
internal part of the longsectional limit is located between points on =
the=20
sectional limit 51 and 57 and passes through points 51, 74, 76, 58, 59, =
60, 61,=20
62, 63, 64, 65, 66, and 57. Points 51 and 57 are limiting points between =
internal and external parts of the longsectional limit of the =
container.=20
[0038] The container has one internal crosssectional limit and =
one=20
external crosssectional limit in all above described cases. =
[0039]=20
Moreover, in order to achieve the abovementioned results, the container =
may be=20
realized in such a way that at any cross section at least one section of =
the=20
external crosssectional limit takes on form of a conical element, and =
at any=20
longsection at least one section of the external part of the =
longsectional=20
limit takes on form of a conical element.
[0040] Use of values =
of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters as distinctive features of the =
container=20
allows for use of capabilities of conical sections as identifiers of the =
container manufacturers to the maximum extent possible.
[0041] =
In case=20
the above named sections of sectional limits take on form of elements of =
ellipses, the following requirements should be fulfilled when producing =
the=20
container: [0042] ratio of length of a larger element of ellipsis to =
length of a=20
smaller element of ellipsis: from 1.001 to 1000; [0043] ratio of the =
larger=20
value of the eccentricity of ellipsis to the smaller value of the =
eccentricity=20
of ellipsis: from 1.001 to 1000000; [0044] ratio of the larger value of =
the=20
focal parameter of ellipsis to the smaller value of the focal parameter =
of=20
ellipsis: from 1.001 to 1000000. The said procedure shall simplify =
production of=20
containers and their identification.
[0045] In case the above =
named=20
sections of sectional limits take on form of elements of hyperbolae, the =
following requirements should be fulfilled when producing the container: =
[0046]=20
ratio of the length of a larger element of hyperbola to the length of a =
smaller=20
element of hyperbola: from 1.001 to 1000; [0047] ratio of the larger =
value of=20
the eccentricity of hyperbola to the smaller value of the eccentricity =
of=20
hyperbola: from 1.001 to 1000000; [0048] ratio of the larger value of =
the focal=20
parameter of hyperbola to the smaller value of the focal parameter of =
hyperbola:=20
from 1.001 to 1000000. The said procedure shall simplify production of=20
containers and their identification.
[0049] In case the above =
named=20
sections of sectional limits (crosssectional and longsectional limits) =
take on=20
form of elements of hyperbolae and ellipses, the following requirements =
should=20
be fulfilled when producing the container: [0050] ratio of the length of =
an=20
element of larger elongation to the length of an element of smaller =
elongation:=20
from 1.001 to 1000;
[0051] In case the section of the =
crosssectional=20
limit and the section of the external part of the longsectional limit =
take on=20
form of elements of hyperbolae and ellipses, the following requirements =
should=20
be fulfilled when producing the container: [0052] ratio of the length of =
an=20
element of larger elongation to the length of an element of smaller =
elongation:=20
from 1.001 to 1000;
[0053] When the section of the sectional =
limit takes=20
on form of a combination of conical elements, in particular elements of=20
ellipses, elements of hyperbolae, and elements of ellipses and =
hyperbolae,=20
conical elements should mate seamlessly (pass into each other without =
any seam),=20
i.e. without any connecting seam. The said feature shall facilitate =
operation of=20
measuring equipment.
Containers claimed in the invention are =
designed=20
for storage and transportation of various kinds of products, substances, =
articles, and goods; identification of the container manufacturer; and =
disposal=20
after using. Claimed containers take on forms of vessels, packing case, =
boxes,=20
drums, tanks etc., and grant higher protection against counterfeit,=20
simplification and cheapening of production of containers with irregular =
shape=20
of crosssection, and facilitation of disposal.
[0054] Life =
cycle of=20
containers comprises three stages: production, usage, and disposal. =
Please, find=20
the stages revealed in detail in terms of identifiers and identification =
below.=20
[0055] First Stage: Production of Containers.
[0056]=20
Manufacturing process of containers comprises processes of manufacture =
of=20
accessories and tooling for production of containers, preparation of raw =
materials and the very process of manufacture of containers. =
[0057] An=20
identifier or identifiers are introduced during the manufacturing =
process of=20
containers or after.
[0058] An `identifier` shall mean an =
attribute used=20
for identification of an identifiable object, in particular a container =
produced=20
by a certain manufacturer at a certain place of production. The =
manufacturer=20
shall be identified according to an identifier or a number of =
identifiers, and,=20
with the manufacturer known, conditions and peculiarities of his =
production,=20
materials and means of manufacture of the container shall be defined. =
There may=20
be several, tens, hundreds, thousands of identifiers in the container =
and more.=20
The more identifiers are introduced to the structure of a container, the =
more=20
difficult it is to counterfeit the container.
[0059] Identifiers =
shall=20
include as follows: [0060] stamp or seal affixed on container surface. A =
trademark may be affixed as an imprint. Appearance of a label glued on =
the=20
container and information on the label; [0061] colour or colour shade of =
the=20
container; [0062] type of a raw material used for manufacture of the =
container,=20
unique additives and fillers of all kinds; [0063] design features of =
manufacture=20
of the container, in particular, irregularly shaped surface (irregular =
form of a=20
section).
[0064] Design features are input by accessories and=20
instrumentation used for manufacture of the container at manufacturer's =
works.=20
Design features shall include as follows: [0065] irregular shape of the=20
container (or an element of the container), in particular extended neck, =
narrowing on container body, deepening on the body for a label of =
irregular=20
configuration, flattening of the body, type of neck collar etc.; [0066] =
specific=20
values of corner radiuses (that are not used by any other =
manufacturers),=20
specific values of body and neck lengths (that are not used by any other =
manufacturers), specific values of capacity (that are not used by any =
other=20
manufacturers) etc.; [0067] type and class of surface treatment, mat =
surfaces,=20
surfaces with high reflective properties, treatment of the surface with =
unique=20
instrument; [0068] use of curves or combinations of curves of second =
order for=20
forming of the sectional limit of the container. The more sophisticated =
the=20
combination of curves, the more reliable the identification, and the =
more=20
difficult it is to counterfeit the container of such manufacturer. =
Sections of=20
various devices of sophisticated configuration are shown in references =
/220/;=20
[0069] exclusion of circular curves and circular elements when forming =
certain=20
sectional limits of the container. Circular elements are currently =
commonly used=20
for formation of sectional limits of containers. Exclusion of circular =
elements=20
when forming certain sectional limits of the container and use of such =
elements=20
instead as hyperbolae and ellipses is an effective identifier, i.e. a=20
distinctive feature of the manufacturer and manufacture of the =
container.=20
[0070] Second Stage: Use of Containers.
[0071] Use of a=20
container starts with incoming control at a facility using such =
container for,=20
for example, filling it with any product. Identification of the =
container is=20
performed in the course of incoming control. The main task of the =
incoming=20
control is detection of rejected containers, containers with defects, =
and=20
counterfeit containers (e.g., containers of backyard production made of =
lowquality raw material but reminding of a container of a renowned =
manufacturer=20
in the form).
[0072] `Identification` shall mean matching of an=20
identifiable object (article) with its image (identifying sign), and in =
our=20
casedetermination whether a certain sample of the container was made =
by a=20
certain manufacturer according to the identifier of such manufacturer =
introduced=20
to the structure of container body in the course of its production.=20
[0073] Instruments and devices, such as measuring devices =
(calibrating=20
devices, rules, slide callipers, micrometer callipers, 3D measuring =
machines),=20
magnifiers, microscopes, weighs, measuring tanks etc. A mathematical =
tools=20
technique shown in section `Embodiment of Invention` is used for =
processing of=20
obtained results.
[0074] A container (container with a product) =
may be=20
stored and transported when in use. The container is exposed to load =
action in=20
the process of transportation.
[0075] In case the container does =
not=20
meet quality standard, it can be destructed in the process of =
transportation.=20
[0076] Any claims related to the destruction shall be addressed =
to the=20
manufacturer. The manufacturer or appointed committee shall perform=20
identification of the destructed container and shall determine whether a =
certain=20
sample of the destructed container was made by this manufacturer or this =
container was manufactured at other factory. Payer of damages to a =
consumer of=20
the container shall be defined according to results of the =
identification.=20
[0077] Third Stage: Disposal of Containers.
[0078] After =
use of=20
the product contained in the container for its intended purpose, the =
container=20
shall be returned to containers receiving point for further disposal. =
The=20
container shall be disposed of by means of destruction under press and =
grinding.=20
Raw material obtained after destruction and grinding shall be delivered =
to a=20
manufacturer for manufacture of containers.
[0079] Currently =
information=20
about container manufacturer is usually contained in a tag, label, =
certificate=20
or is encoded into impress (stamp or bar code) affixed onto container =
surface.=20
However, the tag, label, certificate or impress may be simply =
counterfeited. It=20
is rather difficult to counterfeit information produced by a laser under =
a=20
surface coat of a container (glass bottle) using a technique described =
in=20
Abridgement of Patent of the Russian Federation 2124988 published on =
Jan. 20,=20
1999. Such mark is invisible to an unaided eye. It can be seen in =
polarized=20
light only. Over sophistication and expensiveness of equipment is a =
disadvantage=20
of the technique. Investigations performed in the course of development =
of this=20
invention show that it is difficult to counterfeit peculiarities of the =
shape of=20
the container introduced simultaneously into long and cross sections of =
the=20
container with accessories and tooling used for production of the =
container by=20
the manufacturer. And the said means of protection of containers against =
counterfeit is nowadays the most effective and perspective in terms of=20
improvement.
[0080] The claimed invention provides considerable =
increase=20
in protection of the container against counterfeit when it is produced =
due to=20
the section of the external crosssectional limit and the section of the =
external part of the longsectional limit taking on form of various =
conical=20
elements that are identifiers of the container manufacturer, i.e. =
features for=20
distinction of the container made by this certain manufacture from =
containers=20
made at any other production facility. Therewith, total elongation of =
sections=20
of sectional limits with identifiers may be rather increased as compared =
to=20
conditions when the identifier is located on the crosssectional limit =
only.=20
[0081] Detailed description of identifiers located on the=20
crosssectional limit only is provided in Abridgement of Patent of the =
Russian=20
Federation No 2266851 published on Dec. 27, 2005 (date Application =
published:=20
Dec. 20, 2004).
[0082] The claimed invention elaborates upon the =
theme=20
of improvement of manufacture of containers with irregular shape of =
their=20
surface and introduction of an identifier or identifiers taking on form =
of=20
various conical elements differing in length into structure of the =
container, in=20
particular to container long and cross section simultaneously. =
[0083] It=20
is a good practice to introduce the identifier into a shape of long and =
cross=20
sections or shape of a limit of long and cross sections of the =
container, as=20
long as the sectional limit is specified in the process of shaping =
operations=20
when producing the container. It is a good practice to place the =
identifier on=20
the external crosssectional limit and the external part of the =
longsectional=20
limit in form of combination of various elements of ellipses, or =
hyperbolae, or=20
ellipses and hyperbolae, therewith excluding circular elements commonly =
used in=20
production of containers. The fact that it is difficult to produce a =
cross=20
section in form of a circular curve, and that it is difficult to place =
and=20
identify the identifier in form of a circular curve is shown below.=20
[0084] Increase in convenience and accuracy of identification of =
containers when in use is achieved due to production of identifiers on =
the outer=20
surface of the container simultaneously on the crosssectional limit and =
the=20
external part of the longsectional limit taking form of various conical =
elements. In the course of identification, the container may be located =
inside a=20
larger container, for example a container in the form of a bottle is =
located=20
inside a packing case. And it is not always convenient to measure =
parameters of=20
containerbottle cross section on any of its sections, for example when =
a=20
section of container body with the identifier is shielded by an element =
of the=20
packing case. Such being the case, the containerbottle has to be =
removed from=20
the packing case taking some time. In order to eliminate such =
disadvantage, the=20
identifier is produced not only at cross section of the container, but =
at long=20
section as well. A person responsible for identification does so at =
cross,=20
longsection or both sections depending on capabilities of access to the =
container. If necessary, the container is turned around its long axis. =
Thus,=20
considerable improvement of identification of the container when in use =
is=20
achieved.
[0085] An ellipsis is a conic section with its =
eccentricity=20
(in polar coordinates) of, e.g. from 0.00001 to 0.99999 (i.e. values =
that are=20
larger than zero but smaller than one). A hyperbola is a conic section =
with its=20
eccentricity, e.g. from 1.00001 to 1000000 (i.e. values that are larger =
than=20
one). A parabola is a conic section with its eccentricity equaling to 1. =
A=20
circular curve is a conic section as well and its eccentricity equals to =
0.=20
[0086] When entering the identifier (for example, in a mould =
with a=20
softwarecontrolled milling machine) a minor inaccuracy is always =
allowed. For=20
example, the process of entering of a circular element into cross =
section may be=20
implemented with 1% inaccuracy. Then the eccentricity may equal to 0.01 =
at=20
identification of the container (performance of measurements, =
identification of=20
curves and calculation of the eccentricity). But this value is larger =
than 0,=20
and the figure at cross section is identified as an ellipsis. The =
process of=20
entering of a parabola into cross section may be implemented with 1% =
inaccuracy=20
as well. Then the eccentricity may equal to 0.99 at identification of =
the=20
container. But this value is smaller than 1, and the figure at cross =
section is=20
identified as an ellipsis.
[0087] In order to avoid similar =
errors and=20
increase efficiency of identification process, only elements or =
combinations of=20
elements of ellipses and hyperbola should be used for identification of=20
containers, therewith the eccentricity of ellipsis to be set in range, =
e.g. from=20
0.01 (far away from 0 value) up to, e.g. 0.99, and from 1.01 with =
hyperbola.=20
[0088] Currently available 3D measuring machines (for example, =
QMM333,=20
EGX30, MINITRICOORD, TRICOORD) allow for performance of measurements =
with=20
maximum size up to 2500 mm and minimum size 10 mm.
[0089] In =
case of=20
commercial implementation of the invention, every plant or factory in =
the=20
country shall be assigned a unique combination of elements of various =
ellipses=20
and hyperbolae with different values of eccentricities and focal =
parameters in=20
certain points on the crosssectional limit and longsectional limit.=20
[0090] Thus and so considerable improvement (increase in =
convenience and=20
accuracy) of identification of the container when in use is achieved due =
to the=20
section of the crosssectional limit and the section of the =
longsectional limit=20
taking on form of conical elements and exclusion of circular elements, =
as=20
commonly used in production of containers, when forming the said =
sections of=20
sectional limits.
[0091] Simplification of production of =
containers with=20
irregular shaped body is achieved by exclusion of circular curves or =
circular=20
elements when forming long and cross section of the container (or, in =
other=20
words, outlines of the container).
[0092] Stateoftheart=20
PETmanufacturing techniques assume use of a mould /1/. Therewith, =
working areas=20
of moulds are made with limits of cross sections taking form of circular =
elements and limits of long sections taking form of straight lines and =
circular=20
elements. Such moulds may be manufactured with a CNC machine with =
installed=20
software suitable for geometrical figures in form of circular curves.=20
[0093] Equipment used for manufacture of containers with limits =
of cross=20
sections taking on form of circular curves, in particular for production =
of=20
moulds, should have highest accuracy rate. () CNC lathe machine of =
enhanced=20
accuracy can be used for production of moulds for containers circular at =
cross=20
section. This machine is designated for processing of outer and inner =
surfaces=20
of parts like bodies of rotation with stepped or nonstraight line of =
various=20
complexities. The machine is equipped with a CNC, synchronous drives, =
feed drive=20
motors and Lenze variable frequency driver, and electricpowered drive =
of the=20
turret. Accuracy rating: "" according to State Standard of Russia 882 =
().=20
Specifications: maximum diameter of processed article above =
toolhead125 mm,=20
maximum length of processed article500 mm, minimum programmable =
movement of=20
toolhead lengthwise and edgewise0.001 mm. A version of this machine =
with=20
accuracy index "B" according to State Standard of Russia 882 (882) is=20
available.
[0094] Practice of manufacture and checking of the =
shape of=20
glass containers demonstrates that a number of manufacturers of =
containers=20
produce containers with a circular cross section. However, costs, in =
particular=20
time spent for production of such containers are much higher than time =
required=20
for manufacture of containers with crosssection taking on form of =
elements of=20
ellipses or hyperbolae.
[0095] Wellknown (6M612.phi.11) CNC =
milling and=20
boring machine with quite low accuracy rating may be used for =
manufacture of=20
moulds for containers that do not have any circular elements at cross =
and long=20
sections, but have only elements of ellipses and hyperbolae at cross and =
long=20
sections. This machine is designated for processing of outer and inner =
surfaces=20
of parts like bodies of rotation with stepped or nonstraight line of =
various=20
complexities including elliptical and hyperbolic sections. =
[0096] PNC=20
300 3D milling machine may be used for creation of sophisticated =
surfaces of=20
moulds as well. The machine is equipped with a computer for 3D modelling =
of=20
processed surface, and a milling installation for fast production of =
modelled=20
moulds.
[0097] This machine provides maximum processing speed of =
surface=20
3.6 m/min along X and Y axes and 1.8 m/min along Z axis, programmable =
resolution=20
0.01 mm/step and mechanical resolution 0.00125 mm/step.
[0098] =
Practical=20
use of the machine proves its high capabilities of reproducing of any =
curved=20
surfaces in metallic (plastic, glass, wooden and other) materials.=20
[0099] Time for production of a mould with elements of =
hyperbolae and=20
ellipses at cross and long section using this machine is shorter than =
time for=20
production of a mould with circular curves at sections.
[0100] =
Machines=20
used in the Russian Federation are described above. Any other machines =
with=20
similar characteristics may be used for working of the invention in the =
United=20
States of America and the EU members.
[0101] As can be seen from =
the=20
above, realization of sections of sectional limits in form of circular =
curves=20
leads to complication of the containers manufacture process. Circular =
elements=20
(as well as parabolas) may not be used as identifiers, as long as =
manufacturing=20
errors cause errors in identification.
[0102] When manufacturing =
containers according to the claimed invention, constructional =
directivity of=20
strength properties of containers is provided at long and cross sections =
simplifying the process of disposal of containers by means of pressing.=20
Containers are oriented in a press, when disposed of, in a way that =
compressive=20
effect of the press occurs in plane with the lowest compressive load =
resistance=20
of body of containers. Realization of limits of sections taking on forms =
of=20
elements of conical sections leads to local thinning or thickening of =
container=20
walls. The point of wall thinning is the point where compressive force =
should be=20
applied at disposal. The point of thinning is characterised with the =
highest=20
possibility of destruction of the container. The point of wall =
thickening is as=20
well the point where compressive force should be applied at disposal, =
since=20
compressive force shall be concentrated at that exact point. =
[0103]=20
Realization of sections of sectional limits in form of elements of =
ellipses and=20
hyperbolae results that the section shall have an axis (A axis) in =
regard to=20
which second area moment at bending shall be maximum and an axis (B =
axis) in=20
regard to which second area moment at bending shall be minimum. At =
disposal, the=20
force shall be applied to containers in direction that is parallel to A =
axis and=20
perpendicular to B axis. In such a case the container offers minimum =
bending=20
resistance in this section leading to decrease of force for destruction =
of the=20
container and power consumption for disposal of the container. =
BRIEF=20
DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING
[0104] FIG. 1 =
Show long=20
section of a container. A section of the external part of the =
longsectional=20
limit takes on form of an element of ellipsis.
[0105] FIG. 1A =
Show=20
crosssectional view along line AA in FIG. 1. A section of the external =
crosssectional limit takes on form of an element of ellipsis. =
[0106]=20
FIG. 2 Show long section of a container. A section of the external part =
of the=20
longsectional limit takes on form of an element of hyperbola. =
[0107]=20
FIG. 2A Show crosssectional view along line AA in FIG. 2. A section of =
the=20
external crosssectional limit takes on form of an element of hyperbola. =
[0108] FIG. 3 Show long section of a container. A section of the =
external part of the longsectional limit takes on form of two elements =
of=20
ellipses.
[0109] FIG. 3A Show crosssectional view along line =
AA in=20
FIG. 3. A section of the external crosssectional limit takes on form of =
two=20
elements of ellipses.
[0110] FIG. 4 Show long section of a =
container. A=20
section of the external part of the longsectional limit takes on form =
of two=20
elements of hyperbolae.
[0111] FIG. 4A Show crosssectional view =
along=20
line AA in FIG. 4. A section of the external crosssectional limit =
takes on=20
form of two elements of hyperbolae.
[0112] FIG. 5 Shows long =
section of=20
a container. A section of the external part of the longsectional limit =
takes on=20
form of an element of ellipsis and an element of hyperbola. =
[0113] FIG.=20
5A Show crosssectional view along line AA in FIG. 5. A section of the =
external=20
crosssectional limit takes on form of an element of ellipsis and an =
element of=20
hyperbola.
[0114] FIG. 6 Show long section of a container. A =
section of=20
the external part of the longsectional limit takes on form of an =
element of=20
ellipsis.
[0115] FIG. 6A Show crosssectional view along line =
AA in=20
FIG. 6. A section of the external crosssectional limit takes on form of =
an=20
element of hyperbola.
[0116] FIG. 7 Show long section of a =
container. A=20
section of the external part of the longsectional limit takes on form =
of an=20
element of hyperbola.
[0117] FIG. 7A Show crosssectional view =
along=20
line AA in FIG. 7. A section of the external crosssectional limit =
takes on=20
form of an element of ellipsis.
[0118] FIG. 8 Show long section =
of a=20
container. A section of the external part of the longsectional limit =
takes on=20
form of two elements of ellipses.
[0119] FIG. 8A Show =
crosssectional=20
view along line AA in FIG. 8. A section of the external crosssectional =
limit=20
takes on form of two elements of hyperbolae.
[0120] FIG. 9 Show =
long=20
section of a container. A section of the external part of the =
longsectional=20
limit takes on form of two elements of hyperbolae.
[0121] FIG. =
9A Show=20
crosssectional view along line AA in FIG. 9. A section of the external =
crosssectional limit takes on form of two elements of ellipses. =
[0122]=20
FIG. 10 Show a mould for container manufacture.
[0123] FIG. 10A =
Show=20
crosssectional view along line AA in FIG. 10 of a mould for container=20
manufacture.
[0124] FIG. 11 Show a crosssectional limit =
obtained as a=20
result of container identification. A section of the external =
crosssectional=20
limit takes on form of two elements of various ellipses with different=20
eccentricities and focal parameters.
[0125] FIG. 12 Show a=20
crosssectional limit obtained as a result of container identification. =
A=20
section of the external crosssectional limit takes on form of two =
elements of=20
various ellipses with different eccentricities and focal parameters.=20
[0126] FIG. 13 Show an element of the external part of the=20
longsectional limit obtained as a result of container (flask) =
identification. A=20
section of the external part of the longsectional limit (on the =
depicted=20
element) takes on form of two elements of various ellipses with =
different=20
eccentricities and focal parameters.
[0127] FIG. 14 Show an =
element of=20
the external part of the longsectional limit obtained as a result of =
container=20
(flask) identification. A section of the external part of the =
longsectional=20
limit (on the depicted element) takes on form of two elements of various =
ellipses with different eccentricities and focal parameters. =
[0128] FIG.=20
15 Show an element of the external part of the longsectional limit =
obtained as=20
a result of container (largecapacity bottle) identification. A section =
of the=20
external part of the longsectional limit (on the depicted element) =
takes on=20
form of two elements of various hyperbolae with different eccentricities =
and=20
focal parameters.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION =
[0129]=20
According to the invention (pls. see FIG. 1), the container is made in a =
way=20
that it has, at cross section (pls. see FIG. 1A), the internal limit 1 =
of cross=20
section and the external limit 2 of cross section, and has, at =
longsection, the=20
internal part of the limit 3 of long section and the external part of =
the limit=20
4 of long section. Therewith, the external limit 2 of cross section =
takes on, in=20
section between points 5 and 6, form of an element of conical =
sectionan=20
element of ellipsis, and the external part of the limit 4 of long =
section takes=20
on, in section between points 7 and 8, form of an element of conical =
sectionan=20
element of ellipsis. The limit section between points 7 and 8 is longer =
in=20
length than the limit section between points 5 and 6. The abovementioned =
section=20
of the external crosssectional limit and the section of the external =
part of=20
the longsectional limit of the container take on form of various =
elements of=20
various ellipses with different values of eccentricities and focal =
parameters.=20
[0130] The container (pls. see FIG. 2 and FIG. 2A) comprises a =
section=20
between points 11 and 12 of the external crosssectional limit and =
additionally=20
comprises a section between points 9 and 10 of the external part of the=20
longsectional limit. The section located between points 9 and 10 is =
longer in=20
length than the section located between points 11 and 12. These sections =
take on=20
form of various hyperbolae with different values of eccentricities and =
focal=20
parameters. AA section is turned around 90.degree. on FIG. 2A. =
[0131]=20
The container (pls. see FIG. 3 and FIG. 3A) comprises a section =
consisting of=20
adjacent (running into one another) element of ellipsis between points =
16 and 17=20
and element of ellipsis between points 17 and 18 of the external =
crosssectional=20
limit. These elements differ in length and have different eccentricities =
and=20
focal parameters. Moreover, the container comprises a section between =
points 13=20
and 15 of the external part of the longsectional limit taking on form =
of=20
elements of various ellipses, differing in length, with different values =
of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters, located between points 13 and 14, =
and=20
points 14 and 15.
[0132] The container (pls. see FIG. 4 and FIG. =
4A)=20
comprises a section between points 22 and 24 of the external =
crosssectional=20
limit taking on form of elements of various hyperbolae, differing in =
length (an=20
element between points 22 and 23, and an element between points 23 and =
24).=20
These elements have different eccentricities and focal parameters. =
Moreover, the=20
container comprises a section between points 19 and 21 of the external =
part of=20
the longsectional limit. This section takes on form of elements of =
various=20
hyperbolae (an element between points 19 and 20, and an element between =
points=20
20 and 21), differing in length, with different values of eccentricities =
and=20
focal parameters. AA section is turned around 90.degree. on FIG. 4A.=20
[0133] The container (pls. see FIG. 5 and FIG. 5A) comprises a =
section=20
between points 28 and 30 of the external crosssectional limit taking on =
form of=20
elements of hyperbola (an element between points 28 and 29) and ellipsis =
(an=20
element between points 29 and 30), differing in length. Moreover, the =
container=20
comprises a section between points 25 and 27 of the external part of the =
longsectional limit taking on form of elements of hyperbola (an element =
between=20
points 26 and 27) and ellipsis (an element between points 26 and 25), =
differing=20
in length. AA section is turned around 90.degree. on FIG. 5A. =
[0134]=20
The container (pls. see FIG. 6 and FIG. 6A) comprises a section between =
points=20
33 and 34 of the external crosssectional limit taking on form of an =
element of=20
hyperbola; and comprises a section between points 31 and 32 of the =
external part=20
of the longsectional limit taking on form of an element of ellipsis; =
and the=20
said elements of ellipsis and hyperbola differ in length. The element of =
ellipsis is twice bigger in length than the element of hyperbola. AA =
section is=20
turned around 90.degree. on FIG. 6A.
[0135] The container (pls. =
see FIG.=20
7 and FIG. 7A) comprises a section between points 37 and 38 on the =
external=20
crosssectional limit taking on form of an element of ellipsis; and =
comprises a=20
section between points 35 and 36 of the external part on the =
longsectional=20
limit taking on form of an element of hyperbola; and the said elements =
of=20
hyperbola and ellipsis differ in length. The element of hyperbola is =
twice=20
bigger in length than the element of ellipsis.
[0136] The =
container=20
(pls. see FIG. 8 and FIG. 8A) comprises a section between points 42 and =
44 of=20
the external crosssectional limit taking on form of elements of various =
hyperbolae (an element of hyperbola between points 42 and 43 and an =
element of=20
hyperbola between points 43 and 44), differing in length, with different =
values=20
of eccentricities and focal parameters; and comprises a section between =
points=20
39 and 41 of the external part on the longsectional limit taking on =
form of=20
elements of various ellipses (an element of ellipsis between points 39 =
and 40,=20
and an element of ellipsis between points 40 and 41), differing in =
length, with=20
different values of eccentricities and focal parameters. AA section is =
turned=20
around 90.degree. on FIG. 8A.
[0137] The container (pls. see =
FIG. 9 and=20
FIG. 9A) comprises a section between points 48 and 50 of the external=20
crosssectional limit taking on form of elements of various ellipses (an =
element=20
of ellipsis between points 48 and 49 and an element of ellipsis between =
points=20
49 and 50), differing in length, with different values of eccentricities =
and=20
focal parameters; and comprises a section between points 45 and 47 of =
the=20
external part on the longsectional limit taking on form of elements of =
various=20
hyperbolae (an element of hyperbola between points 45 and 46, and an =
element of=20
hyperbola between points 46 and 47), differing in length, with different =
values=20
of eccentricities and focal parameters.
[0138] If there are =
technical=20
capabilities, the invention may be extended in a way that the identifier =
shall=20
be placed onto internal surface (pls. see FIG. 9). In such a case (pls. =
see FIG.=20
9) the container comprises an additional section between points 58 and =
64, and=20
between points 65 and 66 of the internal part of the longsectional =
limit taking=20
on form of elements of various ellipses and hyperbolae (an element of =
ellipsis=20
between points 58 and 59, an element of ellipsis between points 59 and =
60, an=20
element of ellipsis between points 60 and 61, an element of ellipsis =
between=20
points 63 and 64, an element of ellipsis between points 65 and 66, an =
element of=20
hyperbola between points 61 and 62, and an element of hyperbola between =
points=20
62 and 63), differing in length. The container additionally comprises a =
section=20
between points 67 and 73 taking on form of elements of ellipses (between =
points=20
67 and 68, 68 and 69, 69 and 70, 70 and 71), as well as elements of =
hyperbolae=20
(between points 71 and 72, and 72 and 73) on the internal =
crosssectional limit.=20
The abovementioned elements of ellipses on the internal crosssectional =
limit=20
and the internal part of the longsectional limit have different values =
of=20
eccentricities and focal parameters, and the abovementioned elements of =
hyperbolae have different values of eccentricities and focal parameters. =
Therewith, all elements of ellipses and hyperbolae differ in length.=20
[0139] The container (pls. see FIG. 9 and FIG. 9A) is made in a =
way that=20
a section between points 48 and 50 of the external crosssectional limit =
and a=20
section between points 52 and 47 of the external part of the =
longsectional=20
limit cut each other. Sections cut point is marked by position 75.=20
[0140] The container (pls. see FIG. 9 and FIG. 9A) is made in a =
way that=20
a section between points 67 and 73 of the internal crosssectional limit =
and a=20
section between points 74 and 64 of the internal part of the =
longsectional=20
limit cut each other. Sections cut point is marked by position 76.=20
[0141] A mould (pls. see FIG. 10 and FIG. 10A) is produced for=20
manufacture of containers by means of, e.g. blowing into the mould. The =
mould=20
models the container. Limit sections between points 83 and 84, and 85 =
and 86 at=20
AA cross section of the mould take on forms of elements of ellipses. =
The length=20
of the section between points 83 and 84 constitutes 47% of the length of =
the=20
section limit. The length of the section between points 85 and 86 =
constitutes=20
53% of the length of the section limit. The said sections take on form =
of=20
elements of various ellipses (ellipses have different eccentricities and =
focal=20
parameters).
[0142] Limit sections between points 79 and 80, and =
81 and=20
82 at long section of the mould take on forms of elements of ellipses. =
The=20
length of the section between points 79 and 80 constitutes 11% of the =
length of=20
the section limit. The length of the section between points 81 and 82=20
constitutes 3% of the length of the section limit. The said sections =
take on=20
form of elements of various ellipses (ellipses have different =
eccentricities and=20
focal parameters). The mould is produced by means of milling of =
container form=20
in metallic plates 77 and 78. Plates 77 and 78 are interconnected with =
dowels 87=20
and 88 and dowel holes 89 and 90. Outlines and limits of sections are =
made=20
without any circular elements.
[0143] Eccentricity is a =
dimensionless=20
value. Focal parameters and lengths of curve elements are stated in =
millimetres=20
(mm) in the application.
[0144] Please, find specific cases of =
working=20
of the invention below.
[0145] The container (pls. see FIG. 1 =
and FIG.=20
1A) is made in a way that the external limit 2 of cross section in a =
section=20
between points 5 and 6 takes on form of an element of ellipsis of 10 mm =
length=20
with the eccentricity of 0.8 and focal parameter of 2 mm. The external =
part of=20
the limit 4 of long section in a section between points 7 and 8 takes on =
form of=20
an element of ellipsis of 20 mm length with the eccentricity of 0.5 and =
focal=20
parameter of 40 mm. A section between points 5 and 6 takes on form of =
container=20
inflection. A section between points 7 and 8 takes on form of container=20
inflexion.
[0146] The container (pls. see FIG. 2) comprises a =
section=20
located between points 9 and 10 taking on form of an element of =
hyperbola of 20=20
mm length with the eccentricity of 12 and focal parameter of 5 mm. The =
container=20
(pls. see FIG. 2A) comprises a section located between points 11 and 12 =
taking=20
on form of an element of hyperbola of 13 mm length with the eccentricity =
of 10=20
and focal parameter of 15 mm.
[0147] The container (pls. see =
FIG. 3 and=20
FIG. 3A) comprises a section consisting of an element of ellipsis =
between points=20
16 and 17. The length of the element equals to 10 mm, eccentricity =
equals to=20
0.85 and focal parameter equals to 5 mm. The container comprises a =
section=20
consisting of an element of ellipsis between points 18 and 17. The =
length of the=20
equals to 9 mm, eccentricity equals to 0.75 and focal parameter equals =
to 4 mm.=20
[0148] Moreover, the container comprises a section consisting of =
an=20
element of ellipsis between points 13 and 14. The length of the equals =
to 17 mm,=20
eccentricity equals to 0.93 and focal parameter equals to 60 mm. The =
container=20
as well comprises a section consisting of an element of ellipsis between =
points=20
14 and 15. The length of the equals to 8.5 mm, eccentricity equals to =
0.55 and=20
focal parameter equals to 3.5 mm. A section between points 15 and 14 =
takes on=20
form of container outward deflection. A section between points 17 and 16 =
takes=20
on form of container outward deflection.
[0149] The container =
(pls. see=20
FIG. 4 and FIG. 4A) comprises a section between points 22 and 23 of the =
external=20
crosssectional limit taking on form of an element of hyperbola of 27 mm =
length=20
with the eccentricity of 1.5 and focal parameter of 55 mm. The container =
as well=20
comprises a section between points 24 and 23 of the external =
crosssectional=20
limit taking on form of an element of hyperbola of 20 mm length with the =
eccentricity of 1.2 and focal parameter of 35 mm. Moreover, the =
container=20
comprises a section between points 19 and 20 taking on form of an =
element of=20
hyperbola of 37 mm length with the eccentricity of 35 and focal =
parameter of 85=20
mm. The container as well comprises a section between points 20 and 21 =
taking on=20
form of an element of hyperbola of 45 mm length with the eccentricity of =
70 and=20
focal parameter of 55 mm.
[0150] The container (pls. see FIG. 5 =
and FIG.=20
5A) comprises a section of the limit between points 28 and 29 taking on =
form of=20
an element of hyperbola of 20 mm length with the eccentricity of 1.2 and =
focal=20
parameter of 35 mm. The container comprises a section of the limit =
between=20
points 30 and 29 taking on form of an element of ellipsis of 25 mm =
length with=20
the eccentricity of 0.2 and focal parameter of 185 mm. Moreover, the =
container=20
comprises a section of the limit between points 26 and 27 taking on form =
of an=20
element of hyperbola of 27 mm length with the eccentricity of 3.2 and =
focal=20
parameter of 12.5 mm. The container as well comprises a section of the =
limit=20
between points 25 and 26 taking on form of an element of ellipsis of 26 =
mm=20
length with the eccentricity of 0.34 and focal parameter of 75 mm.=20
[0151] The container (pls. see FIG. 6 and FIG. 6A) comprises a =
section=20
between points 33 and 34 of the external crosssectional limit taking on =
form of=20
an element of hyperbola of 20 mm length with the eccentricity of 1.2 and =
focal=20
parameter of 35 mm; and comprises a section between points 31 and 32 of =
the=20
external part of the longsectional limit taking on form of an element =
of=20
ellipsis of 27 mm length with the eccentricity of 0.34 and focal =
parameter of 75=20
mm.
[0152] The container (pls. see FIG. 7 and FIG. 7A) comprises =
a=20
section between points 37 and 38 on the external crosssectional limit =
taking on=20
form of an element of ellipsis. The length of the element equals to 9 =
mm,=20
eccentricity equals to 0.75 and focal parameter equals to 4 mm. =
Moreover, the=20
container comprises a section between points 35 and 36 on the external =
part of=20
the longsectional limit taking on form of an element of hyperbola of 37 =
mm=20
length with the eccentricity of 35 and focal parameter of 85 mm. =
[0153]=20
The container (pls. see FIG. 8 and FIG. 10A) comprises a section between =
points=20
42 and 43 of the external crosssectional limit taking on form of an =
element of=20
hyperbola of 27 mm length with the eccentricity of 1.5 and focal =
parameter of 55=20
mm. The container as well comprises a section between points 43 and 44 =
of the=20
external crosssectional limit taking on form of an element of hyperbola =
of 20=20
mm length with the eccentricity of 1.2 and focal parameter of 35 mm. =
Moreover,=20
the container comprises a section consisting of an element of ellipsis =
between=20
points 39 and 40. The length of the element equals to 17 mm, =
eccentricity equals=20
to 0.93 and focal parameter equals to 60 mm. The container as well =
comprises a=20
section consisting of an element of ellipsis between points 40 and 41. =
The=20
length of the element equals to 8.5 mm, eccentricity equals to 0.55 and =
focal=20
parameter equals to 3.5 mm.
[0154] The container may be realized =
in a=20
way that the external limit of the cross section of the container in one =
of its=20
sections may take on form of at least two elements of various ellipses =
that=20
differ in length (with focal parameters of 10 mm and 100 mm), with ratio =
of the=20
length of a larger element of ellipsis to the length of a smaller =
element of=20
ellipsis being in range from 1.001 to 1000. For example, the length of a =
larger=20
element of ellipsis may equal to 1.001 mm, and the length of a smaller =
element=20
of ellipsis may equal to 1.000 mm. Ratio of the length of a larger =
element of=20
ellipsis to the length of a smaller element of ellipsis shall at that =
constitute=20
1.001. The length of a larger element of ellipsis may equal to 1000 mm, =
and the=20
length of a smaller element of ellipsis may equal to 1.000 mm. Then =
ratio of the=20
length of a larger element of ellipsis to the length of a smaller =
element of=20
ellipsis shall constitute 1000.
[0155] The container may be =
realized in=20
a way that at cross section the external sectional limit may take, at =
least in=20
one of its sections, on form of at least two elements of ellipses =
differing in=20
length with different values of eccentricities (e.g. with values: =
0.000000999=20
and 0.999, or with values: 0.999 and 0.998). Then ratio of the larger =
value of=20
the eccentricity of ellipsis to the smaller value of the eccentricity of =
ellipsis shall constitute 1000000 and 1.001 accordingly.
[0156] =
The=20
external limit of the cross section of the container on one of its =
sections may=20
take on form of at least two elements of various hyperbolae that differ =
in=20
length, with ratio of the length of a larger element of hyperbola to =
length of a=20
smaller element of hyperbola being in range from 1.001 to 1000. For =
example, the=20
length of a larger element of hyperbola may equal to 1.001 mm, and the =
length of=20
a smaller element of hyperbola may equal to 1.000 mm. Then ratio of the =
length=20
of the larger element of hyperbola to the length of the smaller element =
of=20
hyperbola shall constitute 1.001. The length of a larger element of =
hyperbola=20
may equal to 1000 mm, and the length of a smaller element of hyperbola =
may equal=20
to 1.000 mm. Then ratio of the length of the larger element of hyperbola =
to the=20
length of the smaller element of hyperbola shall constitute 1000. =
[0157]=20
The length of the section of the (long or cross) sectional limit may =
constitute=20
`I`. And the length of the sectional limit may constitute `L`. =
Therewith, `I`=20
shall be determined according to formula as follows:=20
0.0001L.ltoreq.I<0.99L.
[0158] The length of a =
conical=20
element (an element of ellipsis or an element of hyperbola) at cross or =
long=20
section may constitute `K`. Therewith, `K` shall be determined according =
to=20
formula as follows:
0.0001L.ltoreq.K<0.99L.
[0159] =
The=20
container may be realized in a way that at cross section the external =
sectional=20
limit may take on, at least in one of its sections, form of at least two =
elements of hyperbolae differing in length with different values of=20
eccentricities (e.g. with values: 1.1 and 1.0989, or with values: 1.1 =
and=20
1100000). Then ratio of the larger value of the eccentricity of =
hyperbola to the=20
smaller value of the eccentricity of hyperbola shall constitute 1.001 =
and=20
1000000 accordingly.
[0160] The container may be realized in a =
way that=20
the focus of a conical element (ellipsis, or hyperbola) is located in =
the area=20
limited with the longsectional limit or the internal and the external=20
crosssectional limits of the container. This can serve as an additional =
identifier.
[0161] The container may be realized in a way that =
the focus=20
of a conical element (ellipsis, or hyperbola) is located beyond the area =
limited=20
with the longsectional limit or the internal and the external =
crosssectional=20
limits of the container. This can serves as an additional identifier.=20
[0162] The container may be realized in a way that ratio of the =
length=20
of a larger element of ellipsis to the length of a smaller element of =
ellipsis=20
constitutes 1.001, i.e. the length of the larger element of ellipsis =
equals to=20
1.001 mm and the length of the smaller element of ellipsis equals to 1 =
mm.=20
Seamless connection of elements is provided at that.
[0163] The=20
container may be realized in a way that ratio of the length of a larger =
element=20
of ellipsis to the length of a smaller element of ellipsis constitutes =
10, i.e.=20
the length of the larger element of ellipsis equals to 10 mm and the =
length of=20
the smaller element of ellipsis equals to 1 mm. Seamless connection of =
elements=20
is provided at that.
[0164] The container may be realized in a =
way that=20
ratio of the length of a larger element of ellipsis to the length of a =
smaller=20
element of ellipsis constitutes 100, i.e. the length of the larger =
element of=20
ellipsis equals to 100 mm and the length of the smaller element of =
ellipsis=20
equals to 1 mm. Seamless connection of elements is provided at that.=20
[0165] The container may be realized in a way that ratio of the =
length=20
of a larger element of ellipsis to the length of a smaller element of =
ellipsis=20
constitutes 1000, i.e. the length of the larger element of ellipsis =
equals to=20
1000 mm and the length of the smaller element of ellipsis equals to 1 =
mm.=20
Seamless connection of elements is provided at that.
[0166] The=20
container may be realized in a way that ratio of a larger eccentricity =
of=20
ellipsis to a smaller eccentricity of ellipsis constitutes 1.001, i.e. =
the=20
smaller eccentricity equals to 0.29, and the larger eccentricity equals =
to=20
0.29029. Seamless connection of elements is provided at that. =
[0167] The=20
container may be realized in a way that ratio of a larger eccentricity =
of=20
ellipsis to a smaller eccentricity of ellipsis constitutes 100, i.e. the =
larger=20
eccentricity equals to 0.29, and the smaller eccentricity equals to =
0.0029.=20
Seamless connection of elements is provided at that.
[0168] The=20
container may be realized in a way that ratio of a larger eccentricity =
of=20
ellipsis to a smaller eccentricity of ellipsis constitutes 1000000, i.e. =
the=20
larger eccentricity equals to 0.99, and the smaller eccentricity equals =
to=20
0.00000099.
[0169] The container may be realized in a way that =
ratio of=20
the length of a larger element of hyperbola to the length of a smaller =
element=20
of hyperbola constitutes 1.001, i.e. the length of the larger element of =
hyperbola equals to 1.001 mm and the length of the smaller element of =
hyperbola=20
equals to 1 mm.
[0170] The container may be realized in a way =
that ratio=20
of the length of a larger element of hyperbola to the length of a =
smaller=20
element of hyperbola constitutes 10, i.e. the length of the larger =
element of=20
hyperbola equals to 10 mm and the length of the smaller element of =
hyperbola=20
equals to 1 mm.
[0171] The container may be realized in a way =
that ratio=20
of the length of a larger element of hyperbola to the length of a =
smaller=20
element of hyperbola constitutes 100, i.e. the length of the larger =
element of=20
hyperbola equals to 100 mm and the length of the smaller element of =
hyperbola=20
equals to 1 mm.
[0172] The container may be realized in a way =
that ratio=20
of the length of a larger element of hyperbola to the length of a =
smaller=20
element of hyperbola constitutes 1000, i.e. the length of the larger =
element of=20
hyperbola equals to 1000 mm and the length of the smaller element of =
hyperbola=20
equals to 1 mm.
[0173] The container may be realized in a way =
that ratio=20
of a larger eccentricity of hyperbola to a smaller eccentricity of =
hyperbola=20
constitutes 1.001, i.e. the smaller eccentricity equals to 10, and the =
larger=20
eccentricity equals to 10.01.
[0174] The container may be =
realized in a=20
way that ratio of a larger eccentricity of hyperbola to a smaller =
eccentricity=20
of hyperbola constitutes 10, i.e. the smaller eccentricity equals to 10, =
and the=20
larger eccentricity equals to 100.
[0175] The container may be =
realized=20
in a way that ratio of a larger eccentricity of hyperbola to a smaller=20
eccentricity of hyperbola constitutes 100, i.e. the smaller eccentricity =
equals=20
to 100, and the larger eccentricity equals to 10000.
[0176] The=20
container may be realized in a way that ratio of a larger eccentricity =
of=20
hyperbola to a smaller eccentricity of hyperbola constitutes 10000, i.e. =
the=20
smaller eccentricity equals to 10, and the larger eccentricity equals to =
1000000. Seamless connection of elements is provided at that. =
[0177] The=20
container may be realized in a way that ratio of a larger eccentricity =
of=20
hyperbola to a smaller eccentricity of hyperbola constitutes 1000000, =
i.e. the=20
smaller eccentricity equals to 10, and the larger eccentricity equals to =
10000000.
[0178] Presence of difference in the abovementioned =
parameters=20
allows for efficient container identification.
[0179] The =
invention=20
shall be utilized in a way as follows:
[0180] A container =
produced using=20
the invention shall comprise at cross section the external and internal=20
crosssectional limits, as well as the external and internal parts of =
the=20
longsectional limit. One of sections of the external limit shall take =
on form=20
of a combination of, e.g. elements of various ellipses differing in =
length, or=20
elements of various hyperbolae differing in length, or elements of =
various=20
ellipses and hyperbolae differing in length. Moreover, one of sections =
of the=20
external part of the longsectional limit shall take on form of a =
combination=20
of, e.g. elements of various ellipses differing in length, or elements =
of=20
various hyperbolae differing in length, or elements of various ellipses =
and=20
hyperbolae differing in length.
[0181] Location of sections on =
sectional=20
limits, number of elements, their lengths, and parameters of curves=20
(eccentricity and focal parameter), locations of focuses relative to =
cross=20
section (the focus is located inside the cross section, or the focus is =
located=20
outside the cross section) are identifiers of the container =
manufacturer.=20
Moreover, information about container properties, exporter or importer, =
a=20
substance put into the container may be encoded with the help of the =
above=20
described sections on crosssectional limits of the container. =
[0182]=20
After manufacture of the container and its intended use, examination, =
i.e.=20
identification, is performed.
[0183] According to research in =
the field=20
of recognition and identification of curves, a curve located in plane =
(or at=20
section) may be divided into sections in a way that every section shall =
be=20
adequately (with 1% inaccuracy for 3D machines like CRYSTAPEX C544, =
CRYSTAPEX=20
C574, CRYSTAPEX C9166 etc.) approximated by a straight line or a curve =
line of=20
second order (hyperbola, parabola, ellipsis, or circular curve). =
[0184]=20
Identification of the container shape shall be performed according to =
measuring=20
of coordinates of cross and long sections. Every section of the =
sectional limit=20
shall be approximated by a curve of second order by N points with =
coordinates:=20
x.sub.i, y.sub.i, where i=3D1, . . . N. Measuring of coordinates of =
sectional=20
points shall be performed with a measuring device, in particular a 3D =
measuring=20
machine. Such 3D measuring machines as CRYSTAPEX C544, CRYSTAPEX C574, =
CRYSTAPEX C9166, or CRYSTAPEX C123010 with 1 to 3 .mu.m measuring =
inaccuracy,=20
or UPMC 850 by Zeiss with 1 to 1.5 .mu.m measuring inaccuracy may be =
used for=20
this purpose.
[0185] Determination of the geometrical shape of =
the=20
container shall be performed according to a complex of measurements of=20
orthogonal coordinates of the container profile X.sub.i, Y.sub.i, i=3D1, =
. . . N,=20
where Nnumber of measurements. Identification should result in =
discovery of=20
mathematical representation of the sectional limit (profile) of the =
container,=20
sections of the sectional limit (profiles) serving as identifiers and =
being=20
curves of second order. Measurement of coordinates of points of the =
sectional=20
limit (profile) shall be performed with a 3D measuring machine with high =
dimensional resolution (and accuracy, accordingly), for example from 100 =
to 500=20
points per millimetre. Existence of inaccuracy and natural roughness =
shall be=20
accounted for in processing algorithms of measurement information.=20
[0186] Algorithm for the container identification shall comprise =
stages=20
as follows:
[0187] 1. Smoothing of measurement of coordinates of =
sectional (cross or longsectional) profile curve of the container =
/21/.=20
[0188] Smoothing shall be carried out in order to derive =
estimation of=20
expectation of sectional profile of the container. Estimation of =
expectation=20
(average value) of the profile shall be calculated in accordance with =
formulae=20
as follows:
m h ( x ) =3D N  1 i =3D 1 N K h ( x  X i ) Y i N =
 1 i =3D 1 N=20
K h ( x  X i ) , ##EQU00001##
where K.sub.h(u)Gaussian =
kernel,=20
hscale parameter
K h ( u ) =3D ( 2 .pi. )  1 / 2 exp (  u 2 =
2 )=20
##EQU00002##
[0189] 2. Section of the profile curve, which is =
the=20
identifier, shall be described by the equation of second order as =
follows /24/:=20
G(x,y)=3Dp.sub.1x.sup.2+2p.sub.2xy+p.sub.3y.sup.2+2p.sub.4x+2p.su=
b.5y+1=3D0=20
[0190] A system of N equations, set according to results of =
measurement=20
of orthogonal coordinates of the profile X.sub.i, Y.sub.i; i=3D1, . . . =
N, taking=20
on form as follows /22/:
Ap=3Db,
where matrix =
A=3D[q.sub.1, q.sub.2,=20
. . . q.sub.N].sup.T, vector p=3D[p.sub.1, p.sub.2, p.sub.3, p.sub.4,=20
p.sub.5].sup.T, column bit vector q.sub.i=3D[X.sub.i.sup.2, =
2X.sub.iY.sub.i,=20
Y.sub.i.sup.2, 2X.sub.i, 2Y.sub.i].sup.T, vector b=3D[1, 1, . . . 1] =
of N=20
length, shall be solved in order to derive estimation of parameters of =
the curve=20
of second order a, b, c, d, e.
[0191] Solution of the system of=20
equations using LS technique with QRfactorization of matrix A=3DQR =
shall be=20
written as follows /23/:
p=3DR.sup.1Q.sup.Tb
[0192] 3. =
Invariants=20
of curves of second order shall be calculated /24/:
I =3D p 1 + =
p 3=20
##EQU00003## D =3D p 1 p 2 p 2 p 3 ##EQU00003.2## C =3D p 1 p 2 p 4 p 2 =
p 3 p 5 p 4=20
p 5 1 ##EQU00003.3##
[0193] Shape of profile curve section shall =
be=20
defined depending of fulfillment of conditions:
D > 0 and C I =
< 0=20
##EQU00004##
profile curve sectionellipsis, D<0profile =
curve=20
sectionhyperbola, D=3D0profile curve sectionparabola,
D =
> 0 and C=20
I < 0 and I 2 =3D 4 D ##EQU00005##
profile curve =
sectioncircular=20
curve.
[0194] Then, with application of known transformations =
/24/,=20
consisting in introduction of a new system of coordinates, general =
equation of=20
the curve of second order may be reduced to standard or canonical form.=20
Canonical equation of any nondegenerate curve of second order may be =
put in the=20
form as follows /24/:
y.sup.2=3D2px(1e.sup.2)x.sup.2 =
[0195] In=20
this equation `e` parameter means eccentricity, and `p` means focal =
parameter.=20
[0196] The length of arc of the curve equals to as follows: =
S =3D=20
.intg. a b 1 + y '2 x , ##EQU00006##
[0197] where y'first =
order=20
derivative of the function describing the arc of the curve in Cartesian =
system=20
of coordinates, x=3Da and x=3Dbxcoordinates of points between which =
the length is=20
defined.
[0198] Such identification process takes minutes. In =
case not=20
the sought element of the curve is recognized, but any other curve, e.g. =
parabola, a conclusion on counterfeit of the container is made. In =
general, any=20
curve of Norder may be used as manufacturer's identifier, however, use =
of=20
ellipsis and hyperbola specifically is the most effective due to the =
fact that=20
such curves were known and thoroughly studied long ago. Values of =
eccentricities=20
of such curves shall be defined according to ranges, but not unit values =
as with=20
circular curves and parabolas.
[0199] Let's take as an example a =
containera plastic bottle of capacity, e.g. 0.251. The container holds =
manufacturer's identifier at cross section (in central part of the body) =
on the=20
external limit of the section: a section of length constituting 5% of =
the length=20
of the external sectional limit takes on form of a combination of two =
elements=20
of ellipses (one of length constituting 2% of the length of the external =
sectional limit, and another of length constituting 3% of the length of =
the=20
external sectional limit), focus of first and second elements of =
ellipsis is=20
beyond the crosssection. Eccentricities of ellipses equal to 0.10 and =
0.20=20
differing by exactly two times. It is very difficult to make such =
identifier=20
under conditions of backyard production of containers, which increases=20
protection of the container against counterfeit, and decreases risk of=20
unreasonable recovery of penalties for a legitimate manufacturer for =
alleged low=20
quality of the container produced by such manufacturer.
[0200] =
Please,=20
find below a number of specific examples of entering of the identifier =
to the=20
container when it is manufactured at A facility, and its identification. =
Notation of a manufacturing facility is conventional.
[0201] 1. =
When=20
producing the container, the manufacturer gave a section of the limit of =
certain=20
cross section (pls. see FIG. 11) in certain place in the shape of two =
elements=20
of different curves.
[0202] The manufacturer declared the =
following=20
characteristics of elements of such curves: [0203] first element of the =
curve=20
(between points 94 and 95) is classified as an ellipsis with =
eccentricity=20
e=3D0.165, elongation L=3D14.35 mm, focal parameter p=3D15.86 mm. [0204] =
second=20
element of the curve (between points 94 and 97) is classified as an =
ellipsis=20
with eccentricity e=3D0.55, elongation L=3D9.1 mm, focal parameter =
p=3D16.25 mm.=20
[0205] The manufacturer stated that inaccuracy may not exceed 3% =
when=20
identifying all these parameters.
[0206] According to the above=20
described algorithm, the party responsible for identification of the =
container=20
carried out determination of geometrical shape of the cross section =
according to=20
a complex of measurements of orthogonal coordinates of the cross section =
(profile).
[0207] It was defined in the course of identification =
that=20
the first element of the curve in the concerned section is an element of =
ellipsis. Equation of the ellipsis:=20
156.642x.sup.2+3.456xy+153.741y.sup.2+251.574x192.022y10000=3D0=
.=20
e=3D0.17, L=3D14.2 mm, p=3D15.835 mm.
[0208] It was =
defined that the=20
second element of the curve in the concerned section is an element of =
ellipsis.=20
Equation of the ellipsis:=20
99.007x.sup.2+15.692xy+119.202y.sup.2+335.756x185.861y10000=3D0=
.=20
e=3D0.54, L=3D9.0 mm, p=3D16.224 mm.
[0209] Inaccuracy =
of=20
identification of parameters of ellipses does not exceed 3%. =
[0210] The=20
crosssectional limit of the container is marked by position 93 on FIG. =
11,=20
where the identifier is located. Ellipsis passing trough points 94 and =
95 is=20
marked by position 96. Ellipsis passing trough points 94 and 97 is =
marked by=20
position 98.
[0211] Thus and so, the container has been =
identified, and=20
it has been defined that A facility is the manufacturer.
[0212] =
2. When=20
producing the container, the manufacturer gave a section of the limit of =
certain=20
cross section (pls. see FIG. 12) in certain place in the shape of two =
elements=20
of different curves.
[0213] The manufacturer declared the =
following=20
characteristics of elements of such curves: [0214] first element of the =
curve=20
(between points 100 and 101) is classified as an ellipsis with =
eccentricity=20
e=3D0.1748, elongation L=3D15 mm, focal parameter p=3D27.362 mm. [0215] =
second element=20
of the curve (between points 100 and 103) is classified as an ellipsis =
with=20
eccentricity e=3D0.6434, elongation L=3D1.4835 mm, focal parameter =
p=3D26.592 mm.=20
[0216] The manufacturer stated that inaccuracy may not exceed 3% =
when=20
identifying all these parameters.
[0217] According to the above=20
described algorithm, the party responsible for identification of the =
container=20
carried out determination of geometrical shape of the cross section =
according to=20
a complex of measurements of orthogonal coordinates of the cross section =
(profile).
[0218] It was defined in the course of identification =
that=20
the first element of the curve in the concerned section is an element of =
ellipsis. Equation of the ellipsis:=20
51.221x.sup.2+1.5xy+50.725y.sup.2+34.244x36.772y10000=3D0.=20
e=3D0.175, L=3D15.2 mm, p=3D27.389 mm.
[0219] It was =
defined that the=20
second element of the curve in the concerned section is an element of =
ellipsis.=20
Equation of the ellipsis:=20
24.88x.sup.210.57xy+37.159y.sup.2+388.444x+129.894y10000=3D0.=20
e=3D0.644, L=3D14.85 mm, p=3D26.619 mm.
[0220] =
Inaccuracy of=20
identification of parameters of ellipses does not exceed 3%. =
[0221] The=20
crosssectional limit of the container is marked by position 99 on FIG. =
12,=20
where the identifier is located. Ellipsis passing trough points 100 and =
101 is=20
marked by position 102. Ellipsis passing trough points 100 and 103 is =
marked by=20
position 104.
[0222] Thus and so, the container has been =
identified, and=20
it has been defined that A facility is the manufacturer.
[0223] =
3. When=20
producing the container (medical flask), the manufacturer gave a section =
of the=20
limit of certain long section (pls. see FIG. 13) in certain place in the =
shape=20
of two elements of different curves.
[0224] The manufacturer =
declared=20
the following characteristics of elements of such curves: [0225] first =
element=20
of the curve (between points 106 and 107) is classified as an ellipsis =
with=20
eccentricity e=3D0.48, elongation L=3D6.3 mm, focal parameter p=3D19.36 =
mm. [0226]=20
second element of the curve (between points 107 and 109) is classified =
as an=20
ellipsis with eccentricity e=3D0.2, elongation L=3D9.25 mm, focal =
parameter p=3D15.10=20
mm.
[0227] The manufacturer stated that inaccuracy may not =
exceed 3%=20
when identifying all these parameters.
[0228] According to the =
above=20
described algorithm, the party responsible for identification of the =
container=20
carried out determination of geometrical shape of the external part of =
long=20
section according to a complex of measurements of orthogonal coordinates =
of the=20
long section (profile).
[0229] It was defined in the course of=20
identification that the first element of the curve in the concerned =
section of=20
the external part of the long section is an element of ellipsis. =
Equation of the=20
ellipsis:=20
280.394x.sup.247.266xy+235.032y.sup.2214.190x+68.904y10000=3D0=
.=20
e=3D0.475, L=3D6.2 mm, p=3D19.321 mm.
[0230] It was =
defined that the=20
second element of the curve in the concerned section is an element of =
ellipsis.=20
Equation of the ellipsis:=20
181.045x.sup.20.464xy+173.85y.sup.2+377.884x263.436y10000=3D0.=
=20
e=3D0.199, L=3D9.0 mm, p=3D14.780 mm.
[0231] Inaccuracy =
of=20
identification of parameters of ellipses does not exceed 3%. =
[0232] The=20
limit of the external part of container longsection is marked by =
position 105=20
on FIG. 13, where the identifier is located. Ellipsis passing trough =
points 106=20
and 107 is marked by position 108. Ellipsis passing trough points 107 =
and 109 is=20
marked by position 110.
[0233] Thus and so, the container has =
been=20
identified, and it has been defined that A facility is the manufacturer. =
[0234] 4. When producing the container, the manufacturer gave a =
section=20
of the limit of certain long section (pls. see FIG. 14) in certain place =
in the=20
shape of two elements of different curves.
[0235] The =
manufacturer=20
declared the following characteristics of elements of such curves: =
[0236] first=20
element of the curve (between points 112 and 113) is classified as an =
ellipsis=20
with eccentricity e=3D0.47, elongation L=3D16 mm, focal parameter =
p=3D27.7 mm. [0237]=20
second element of the curve (between points 113 and 115) is classified =
as an=20
ellipsis with eccentricity e=3D0.32, elongation L=3D9.0 mm, focal =
parameter p=3D28.0=20
mm.
[0238] The manufacturer stated that inaccuracy may not =
exceed 3%=20
when identifying all these parameters.
[0239] According to the =
above=20
described algorithm, the party responsible for identification of the =
container=20
carried out determination of geometrical shape of the external part of =
long=20
section according to a complex of measurements of orthogonal coordinates =
of the=20
long section (profile).
[0240] It was defined in the course of=20
identification that the first element of the curve in the concerned =
section of=20
the external part of the long section is an element of ellipsis. =
Equation of the=20
ellipsis: =
37.348x.sup.29.876xy+40.269y.sup.2+259.44x+78.122y10000=3D0.=20
e=3D0.484, L=3D16.07 mm, p=3D27.087 mm.
[0241] It was =
defined that the=20
second element of the curve in the concerned section is an element of =
ellipsis.=20
Equation of the ellipsis:=20
45.737x.sup.23.042xy+41.845y.sup.2+98.218x+67.794y10000=3D0.=20
e=3D0.327, L=3D9.09 mm, p=3D27.898 mm.
[0242] Inaccuracy =
of=20
identification of parameters of ellipses does not exceed 3%. =
[0243] The=20
limit of the external part of container longsection is marked by =
position 111=20
on FIG. 14, where the identifier is located. Ellipsis passing trough =
points 112=20
and 113 is marked by position 114. Ellipsis passing trough points 113 =
and 115 is=20
marked by position 116.
[0244] Thus and so, the container has =
been=20
identified, and it has been defined that A facility is the manufacturer. =
[0245] 5. When producing the container, the manufacturer gave a =
section=20
of the limit of certain long section (pls. see FIG. 15) in certain place =
in the=20
shape of two elements of different curves.
[0246] The =
manufacturer=20
declared the following characteristics of elements of such curves: =
[0247] first=20
element of the curve (between points 118 and 119) is classified as a =
hyperbola=20
with eccentricity e=3D2.1, elongation L=3D420.0 mm, focal parameter =
p=3D315 mm. [0248]=20
second element of the curve (between points 119 and 117) is classified =
as a=20
hyperbola with eccentricity e=3D1.17, elongation L=3D446.0 mm, focal =
parameter p=3D130=20
mm.
[0249] The manufacturer stated that inaccuracy may not =
exceed 3%=20
when identifying all these parameters.
[0250] According to the =
above=20
described algorithm, the party responsible for identification of the =
container=20
carried out determination of geometrical shape of the external part of =
long=20
section according to a complex of measurements of orthogonal coordinates =
of the=20
long section (profile).
[0251] It was defined in the course of=20
identification that the first element of the curve in the concerned =
section of=20
the external part of the long section is an element of hyperbola. =
Equation of=20
the hyperbola:=20
0.25x.sup.2+6.14xy4.279y.sup.23577.055x+5292.61y1576606=3D0.=20
e=3D2.059, L=3D410.15 mm, p=3D314.806 mm.
[0252] It was =
defined that=20
the second element of the curve in the concerned section is an element =
of=20
hyperbola. Equation of the hyperbola:=20
0.25x.sup.23.26xy+1.48y.sup.2+1593x+1854y1427400=3D0. =
e=3D1.156,=20
L=3D445.23 mm, p=3D129.345 mm.
[0253] Inaccuracy of =
identification of=20
parameters of ellipses does not exceed 3%.
[0254] The limit of =
the=20
external part of container longsection is marked by position 120 on =
FIG. 15,=20
where the identifier is located.
[0255] Thus and so, the =
container has=20
been identified, and it has been defined that A facility is the =
manufacturer.=20
[0256] Every plant or factory legitimately manufacturing =
containers=20
shall be assigned a unique combination of elements of ellipses and =
hyperbolae in=20
the place reserved for the identifier on the external or internal=20
crosssectional limit.
[0257] Moreover, use of the invention =
when=20
manufacturing containers with irregularly shaped crosssections shall=20
considerably simplify its manufacture due to reduction of types of used =
curves=20
to two types: ellipsis and hyperbola. Simplification of the process is =
achieved=20
mainly due to simplification of operations of softwarecontrolled =
machines.=20
[0258] Increase in area of outer and inner surfaces shall be =
achieved in=20
declared containers as compared to the prototype. Therefore, increase in =
heat=20
exchange of the product put into the container and that of the container =
itself=20
with the environment shall occur. Cooling time in a refrigerator for the =
product=20
put into the container shall be reduced.
[0259] Increase in heat =
conductivity in thinning points, e.g. body, or bottom, shall be provided =
in=20
declared containers. Then the product requiring fast cooling in a =
refrigerator=20
should be placed in the container in points of thinning of the body or =
bottom.=20
[0260] Research conducted by the authors has shown that =
concentration of=20
solar energy falling onto the container in focuses of curves near or on =
the=20
surface of the container takes place in declared containers due to =
presence of=20
elements of ellipses and hyperbolae on their surfaces.
[0261] =
The=20
process of disposal of containers shall be simplified as well due to the =
fact=20
that, when manufacturing containers according to the claimed invention,=20
constructional directivity of strength properties of containers at long =
and=20
cross sections is provided. Containers are oriented in a press, when =
disposed=20
of, in a way that compressive effect of the press occurs in plane with =
the=20
lowest compressive load resistance of the container body. Compressive =
force 91=20
is shown on FIG. 8 and FIG. 8A. Action of the force is directed in a way =
that=20
long and cross sections offer minimum compressing resistance. =
Compressive force=20
may be directed in the same way as force 92. In such a case moment of =
inertia of=20
the long section is minimal. Experimental research conducted by the =
authors with=20
pilot samples of declared containers has shown that the container breaks =
up into=20
multiple small elements under compression. Breakages of the container =
take place=20
in weakened points on its surface. Therefore, declared containers may be =
used to=20
obtain constructive elements after their destruction in press. =
[0262]=20
Thus and so, the problem of the invention has been solved, declared =
technical=20
results have been accomplished.
* * * * *
=20
=20
=20
=20
=20
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